Zzzzzz Your next-NEXT car will be Electric!

Yes, your next NEXT car will be electric.   A report from research firm,Bloomberg New Energy Finance says by 2022,” the report says, the cost of ownership of battery electric vehicles will fall below that of an internal combustion engine vehicle.  Bloomberg projects by 2040 25% of the cars globally will be electric.

In 2016, nearly 160,000 electric vehicles was sold in the US . Last year Toyota sold nearly 390,000 Toyota Camry’s

Electric vehicles have fewer moving parts than an internal combustion vehicle.

The current challenge for electric car production is the availability of batteries which currently accounts for one third of the cost of the vehicle.

California Clears The Air

Automobiles are responsible for more than 40% of air pollution.

Air pollution exposure can trigger new cases of asthma, exacerbate (worsen) a previously-existing respiratory illness, and provoke development or progression of chronic illnesses including lung cancerchronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and emphysema.

1.2 million die each year in India to diseases related to Air Pollution.  In China over 2 million people die annually.

In 1967, The State of California established the Air Resources Board(CARB).  One of the goals of CARB is maintaining air quality.  One of CARB’s responsibilities is to define vehicle emissions standards.  California is the only state permitted to issue emission standards.  Other states can choose to follow CARB standards   There was a time when Automakers  built two engines, one designed for California and the other for the other 49 states.

A few years ago CARB set a mandate for cars sold in the state. By 2025,15% of all cars sold in California must be zero polluting vehicles.  These would include, Electric, fuel cell vehicles powered by hydrogen.

Naturally there was resistance by auto manufacturers.  How committed was the state to implement this programs in 2006 there were a few charging stations and no hydrogen stations.

To build an electric vehicle from the ground up would cost the industry billions without a guarantee of acceptance by the public.

To meet this mandate, Auto manufactures modified existing vehicles adding an electric motor.  The problem is these cars had a very limited range(most were less than 100 miles) and to completely charge the cars took 8 hours or more.  The electric vehicles were based on a compact or subcompact platform, the average cost for these electric cars was $40,000 (before state and federal incentives) The manufactures lose money on each electric sold.   As for styling ,automakers seems to be dragging their feet, building something to meet the requirements.

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The worlds best selling electric vehicle in the Nissan Leaf.   The Leaf was introduced in 2011 and more than 250,000 Leafs has been sold worldwide.   The current Leaf has a range of 107 miles.

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 Tesla Brings Sexy

Founded in 2003 The Palo Alto, California based Tesla started building electric vehicles in 2008.,  A two seat Roadster with a range of 200 miles.  It was the first production automobile to use the lithium-ion battery.

In 2012, Tesla introduced the model S.

Image result for 2012 tesla model s

  Unlike the other automakers,the S was built from the ground up as an electric vehicle.  The batteries are larger and is a part of the cars structure. thus having a considerable longer range (265 to 351) than other electric vehicles .

The S was an instant hit.  With a price range from $80,000 to $100,000 its style attracted buyers who would normally purchase premium luxury cars from Mercedes Benz, BMW and Jaguar.

In 2015, Tesla introduced the model X, SUV.

Tesla has a network of high-powered Supercharges located across North America, Europe and Asia for Tesla vehicles.  Software within the vehicles navigation directs Tesla to charging stations.  The company also operates a Destination Charging program, under where shops, restaurants and other venues are offered fast chargers for their customers. As of  December 2016, Tesla has nearly 1000 stations globally, and 6,400 and charging locations. 

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Tesla Supercharing Center, Rocklin, Ca

Earlier this year, Tesla briefly surpassed Ford and General Motors in market capitalization for a couple of months, making it the most valuable American automaker.

An Electric World?

The Government of Norway intends to ban internal combustion engine cars fueled by gasoline or diesel by 2025.

  Sweden, Japan and the Netherlands do not have an official mandate, however,their governments are  looking at 2025.  Implementation in Japan and the Netherlands would not be difficult. In the Netherlands 6% of the cars sold are electric.  In Japan 14%

China, home to some of the world’s most polluted cities has a mandate similar to California requiring manufacturers to sell a minimum of 8% “new energy vehicles” by next year.  Virtually every car company argued the time table was too aggressive. Even though sales of the low or zero emissions vehicles are higher than in most other countries, except Norway, they still account for less than 3% of the Chinese new car market.

There are now strict limits on the number of new vehicles that can be registered in major cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, but qualified NEV models are exempt, encouraging buyers to shift. With some of the world’s most polluted cities, some observers believe China could call for an outright ban on internal combustion technology in the not-too-distant future.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       India wants all its cars to be battery powered by 2030 — and that means it not only wants to end the sale of internal combustion vehicles but convert or replace all other vehicles already on the road by the end of the next decade, a goal few see possible.

France and Germany, the ban is expected to be far more contentious. Auto manufacturers in both countries have condemned the moves by their respective governments to ban the internal combustion engine, saying that it would make the economy less competitive. European automakers have lagged behind Japanese and American ones in both hybrid and all-electric car technology, as conventional

European gasoline based and diesel cars already have high fuel economy. In response to so-called range anxiety, in which an electric car’s limited range may leave the driver stranded on the motorway, the Holland administration is expected to pair the proposed phaseout with national investment into charging stations as well as additional investment into TGV lines, to make it easier to travel long distances in France without a car.

Germany may also push to end sales of gas and diesel cars by 2030, but there is strong opposition, especially since half of its electricity comes from coal. Yet German automakers are launching major drives to electrify and that could help build momentum for a switch.

Volvo Leads the Way

In July, Volvo told the world ,all the models it introduces starting in 2019 will be either hybrids or powered solely by batteries.

Volvo headquartered in Sweden, is owned by Geely Automobile Holdings of China, which already produces battery-powered cars for the Chinese market. The decision by Volvo to focus on electric vehicles could ultimately give it and Geely a head start if, as many analysts expect, sales of battery powered cars begin to take off. China is already the largest market for electric vehicles.


With the American automakers focus on the very profitable SUV’s  will they have the billions necessary to build electric vehicles?  Currently every electric vehicle sold in America loses money.

Last year General Motors introduced the Chevy Bolt, the first car built from the ground up as an electric vehicle.   The car has been well received by the press.  Car and Driver says the Chevy Bolt ” is so cutting edge that it makes all other affordable electric vehicles seem irrelevant.”  At 238, it has more electric range than any car on the market with one exception, Tesla. It actually has a greater range than the highly anticipated Model 3


Nissan just announced their next generation Leaf will have a range of 150 . Hiroto Saikawa CEO of Nissan says a Leaf with a range of 300 miles is possible within 3 years.


Unlike Tesla, this car is affordable. its very quick and roomy AND it starts at $38,000 (before incentives) $40,000 less than the current Tesla model S.   If there is one problem with the car, its the styling.

2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV


It not ugly or Toyota Prius Quirky.   Tesla gave buyers a reason to trade in their BMW’s and Mercedes . One would expect more from the General.

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Waiting in the wings is Tesla’s people’s car the  Model”3”. Tesla began building the car in its Fremont, California plant in July.    Pricing for the “3” begins at $35,000(before incentives), if its the “3′ you want, you’ll have to get in a very long line as 450,000 people have placed deposits on the “3”.  Based on Tesla’s track record the 400 thousandant should receive his “3” by 2020   Tesla has an Apple like, cult following and those people are willing to wait.

Game Changer?

With all the luxury manufacturers taking aim at Tesla. Jaguar, a company known for its stately vehicles, is introducing a compact luxury electric SUV called the I-Pace( Est arrival is first quarter 2018).  Its engineering comes from Tesla’s play book.  The batteries anchor the car with two electric motors, one at each axle.  Jaguar says the range of the I-pace is estimated at 220 miles.

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The SUV, will be built in Austria and the platform will be used on other Jaguars as the company says half of its vehicles  will be electric by 2025  The cost for I-Pace begins a tick under $100.000.

If $100,000 seems hefty.  Tesla sells to variations of the Model S for $100,000 and the Model X SUV sells for over $100,000.    If Jaguar is remotely successful, expect the automakers to quickly follow suit.

Perhaps with the assistance of Tesla’   Tesla build a Gigafactory, outside of Reno Nevada.  Panasonic is currently building car batteries in a section of the uncompleted building and Tesla will eventually build cars there.

  Cummins, known for diesel trucks recently introduced its first application for inthe first electric commercial truck

The truck has a range of 100 miles and is capable of hauling a 22-ton trailer.  Cummins electric power train is being targeted at urban delivery vehicles (like a beer truck or food delivery truck) as well as for short haul trips in and around ports and other terminals. It can be recharged in about an hour at a 140 kWh charging station, and Cummins’ goal is to get that down to 20 minutes by 2020, reducing down time for its business customers. Production begins in 2019.

There are challenges ahead for the industry.  There isn’t a standard for charging. In Most charging stations uses Level 2 J1772 charger.these will work on all electric cars. Those charging stations are fairly slow, often requiring hours to fully charge your vehicle.  If you own a Tesla you can drive from coast to coast due to their network of superchargers where owners can charge their cars in as little as 30 minutes. Those charger are exclusive to Tesla vehicles.

The other challenge is much greater.  Is  our national electrical (grid) prepared for an  increase of electric usage?  As a result of individual scharging their vehicles at home?

Your next-next new car is likely to be an electric car.  With ranges considerable more than the cars of today.

Like your cell phone, charge it and drive.



Native American tribes bring Dakota pipeline fight to U.S. Congress

Protesters demonstrate against the Energy Transfer Partners' Dakota Access oil pipeline near the Standing Rock Sioux reservation, in Los Angeles, California, September 13, 2016. REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson

Protesters demonstrate against the Energy Transfer Partners’ Dakota Access oil pipeline near the Standing Rock Sioux reservation, in Los Angeles, California, September 13, 2016. REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson

By: Richard Cowan; editing by Diane Craft


Native American tribes took their fight to Washington on Thursday to stop development of a $3.7 billion oil pipeline, as Democrats in the U.S. Congress urged the federal government to scrap construction permits and reconsider the project.

Representative Raul Grijalva, the senior Democrat on the House of Representatives Natural Resources Committee, called on the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers “to withdraw the existing permits for Dakota Access pipeline.”

He said the agency should then initiate a new, “transparent permitting process” that includes “robust” consultation with tribes and environmental review. The underground pipeline would traverse both federally-managed and private lands in North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa and Illinois.

Spokesmen for the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers were not immediately available for comment.

Thousands of activists, including the Standing Rock Sioux of North Dakota, have been protesting the 1,100-mile (1,886-km) project being developed by Energy Transfer Partners LP, arguing it poses an environmental risk to the tribe’s water supply and would violate sacred sites.

Hillary Clinton-Donald Trump Silent on the pipeline



Their encampment on the North Dakota prairie marked the largest Native American protest in decades.

Republicans control the U.S. Congress but several House Democrats organized a “forum” to provide a platform for Native American tribes to voice their opposition to the pipeline and the government’s permitting process.

Proponents of the pipeline were not present.

In yet another fight, aboriginal tribes from Canada and the northern United States signed a treaty on Thursday to scrap proposals to build more pipelines to carry crude from Alberta’s oil sands. The Standing Rock Sioux tribe is among the treaty’s signatories.

Grijalva said the pipeline threatened the natural resources of the Standing Rock Sioux and the project was part of a “long history of pushing the impacts of pollution onto the most economically and politically disadvantaged people and communities across this country.”

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Chairman Dave Archambault complained to the Democratic panel that there was no “meaningful consultation” before permits were issued to bring the pipeline through his tribe’s territory.

Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners has countered that worries about oil contamination to local waters in the Missouri and Cannon Ball rivers were “unfounded” and that the company would address safety concerns.

President Barack Obama is set to meet with Native American tribal leaders next week at the White House. On Sept. 9, the administration temporarily blocked construction of the project to deliver transport oil

Nudists could soon be allowed to get naked in Paris

Nudists could soon be allowed to get naked in Paris
Nudists in Paris will be cheered by a new plan to finally allow them to hang out in a designated open air area, without fear of being arrested.
Naturists in Paris have not felt themselves for a long time.
The problem: They’ve never had anywhere to let it all hang out.
Sure, there is the Roger Le-Gall swimming pool in the 12th arrondissement that allows nudity on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday evenings, but members say it’s getting too cramped there.
“There were 150 of us on Wednesday night,” Denis Porquet, a member of the Nudist Association of Paris (ANP), told the 20 Minutes newspaper.
The group’s 372 members are forced to look elsewhere for their nudist outings, hiring out bowling venues, spas, archery clubs, and even restaurants for private events.
And with French law stating that nudists found baring all can be slapped with a €15,000 ($17,000)fine or the prospect of one year in prison, it’s no surprise that Paris naturists are keen on the idea of having their own designated spot to strip off.
And all this could be about to come to fruition, with the Green Party of Paris set to propose a designated nudist park during a meeting at the Paris city council on Monday.
The exact proposal for the nudist spot remains unclear, but some nudists have already shared their ideas.
Jacques Frimont, vice president of the Association for the Promotion of Naturism in Liberty (APNEL), envisions a designated area at the near the Daumesnil lake in Bois de Vincennes to the east of the city, the same lake that the government plans to turn into a public swimming zone by 2019.

Lac Daumesnil‎ in the Bois de Vincennes. Could this be the new nude zone? Photo: Christian Bortes/WikiCommons 
He told 20 Minutes newspaper that France was wrong to associate nudity with sexual exhibition.
“We disagree strongly with that. A sexual pervert is someone who spies on their neighbors or masturbates in public, for example. A just nudist just wants to get rid of their clothes,” he said.
Plans for a pop-up naked restaurant in the city have been set in motion after the concept’s success in London and this month’s Fête de l’Humanité included a designated nudist stand.
While opening a designated nudist spot in time for next summer might seem like a long shot, the idea has already captured the interest of deputy mayor Bruno Julliard, who has expressed a favorable view on the proposal.

Colorado’s High Court Rules: Employer Can Legally Fire Medical Marijuana uses.

By CityFella

Colorado is one of the few states that allows the use of Marijuana for recreational use.  Yesterday the states high court ruled an employer can fire an employee for drug use.  Even if the drug was used at home.


In 2010 Dish Employee Brandon Coats a quadriplegic who smoked marijuana at home to control seizures.  Dish Corporation has a zero tolerance drug policy.

Mr Coats was open about his drug use before he was  hired and failed the initial drug test and hired anyway.  During the three years he worked for Dish  he received satisfactory reviews and was ever accused or suspected of being the influence.

In 2010, he was fired after a random drug test.

The Question

The question is can an employee be fired when the employee is at home and off-duty?

Colorado Supreme court says the employee was not protected under the state’s “lawful activities statute.”

The arguments from both Dish’s and Coats’ attorneys centered on the question of what exactly constitutes “lawful” use of medical marijuana outside of the workplace — and how such use can be considered lawful when federal law still classifies marijuana as an illegal substance, even though the state of Colorado has legalized its use both medically and recreationally.

“The Supreme Court holds that under… Colorado’s ‘lawful activities statute,’ the term ‘lawful’ refers only to those activities that are lawful under both state and federal law,” the Colorado court ruled. “Therefore, employees who engage in an activity such as medical marijuana use that is permitted by state law but unlawful under federal law are not protected by the statute.”

In nearly every state the law has been challenged the courts have favored the corporations

See: The Job Seeker The Workplace and Marijuana


Emergency (Emergencia) in California

Population in California 39 million

Population in Canada 35 million

Population in Australia 23 million

By CityFella

Shasta Dam

The 602-foot Shasta Dam, is the fourth largest dam in California. With a capacity of 4,552,000 acre-feet its the largest reservoir in the state.  Its located on the Sacramento River in Shasta County,  Shasta Dam boasts several similarities to America’s largest dam outside California — the Hoover Dam. Like its Nevada cousin, the Shasta Dam is a curved gravity concrete structure; upon its completion in 1945, it ranked as a civil engineering triumph due to its continuous pour concrete construction. Shasta Dam is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and generates hydroelectric power for northern California.

shasta 008

shasta 010

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April 11,2015

Look at the totals( lower right hand corner )

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Other Dams in the Area

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Water looks plentiful, What is the problem?

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There is usually a  snow pack in the Mountains this time of year

 75 percent of California’s annual precipitation occurs between November and March

The snow melts and fill the states reservoirs

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 75 percent of California’s water supply originates in the northern third of the state, above Sacramento, while 80 percent of water users live in the southern two-thirds of the state

Who uses the most water in the state? 

Agriculture is California’s largest industry and accounts for 80% of water use.

Nearly half of U.S.-grown fruits, nuts and vegetables come from California. Here’s a look at what percentage of U.S. food production per commodity comes from California, based on 2007 Census of Agriculture data:

Commodity U.S. Rank California’s share of U.S. production (based on quantity produced)
Almonds 1 99%
Artichokes 1 99%
Walnuts 1 99%
Pistachio 1 98%
Apricots 1 97%
Plums 1 97%
Figs 1 96%
Nectarines 1 96%
Olives 1 96%
Garlic 1 95%
Broccoli 1 94%
Grapes 1 90%
Cauliflower 1 89%
Strawberries 1 89%
Lemons 1 88%
Lettuce 1 85%
Dates 1 82%
Peaches 1 74%
Carrots 1 69%
Tangerines 1 62%
Source: California Agricultural Resource Directory

In the cities, half the water is used for lawns

California Drought

About half of water usage in the state’s urban areas goes for landscaping, said Jeffrey Mount, a senior fellow at the Public Policy Institute of California and a water expert. “We have a lot of room in the urban sector to adjust,” and the most obvious place is in landscaping.

California Drought Cost: $2.2 Billion and Thousands of Jobs. The California drought will cost the state $2.2 billion and put some 17,000 agricultural workers out of a job this year, according to a new report.


There has been a on going Civil War in the state.  Farmer crying fowl, Almond grower vs Grape Grower.  Small towns vs the farmers vs the city.   Neighborhood lawns vs Commercial laws.  Farmers selling ground water to communities.

What can you do?

Water is essential to our everyday lives. And, our supplies are limited…so please use water wisely. Cutting water use inside and outside our homes is really important. If each of us changed our water-use habits, we could save billions of gallons of water. Here’s how you can help:


Wash only full loads of laundry and dishes-Saves up to 50 gallons of water per week
Fix household leaks promptly-Saves up to 20 gallons per day
Spend only 5 minutes in the shower-Saves up to 8 gallons each time
Turn off the water while you brush your teeth-Saves up to 2.5 gallons per minute
Bay water-saving devises like high-efficiency toilets and clothes washer-Saves gallons per day
(You may qualify for a rebate for a more efficient washer)


Water your lawn 1 to 2 days a week instead of 5 days a week-Saves up to 840 gallons per week
Check your sprinkler system for leaks, over spray and broken sprinkler heads and repair promptly-Saves up to 500 gallons per month
Use a broom instead of a hose to clean driveways and sidewalks-Saves up to 150 gallons each time
Install a smart sprinkler controller that adjusts watering based on weather, soil type, amount of shade and plant type
(Saves up to 40 gallons per day)
Water your plants in the early morning or evening to reduce evaporation and ineffective watering due to wind
(Saves up to 24 gallons per day)

California Passed a Plastic Bag Ban. Here’s What You Need to Know.

By Katie Rose Quandt/Mother Jones

California became the first state to pass a bill banning the ubiquitous disposable plastic bag.  The law, prohibits grocery and retail stores from providing single-use plastic bags and require them to charge at least 10 cents for paper bags, compostable bags, and reusable plastic bags. The bill, introduced by Sen. Alex Padilla (D-Los Angeles),  provides funding for California-based plastic bag companies to develop sturdier, reusable options.

Worldwide, consumers use an estimated 1 trillion plastic bags each year—nearly 2 million a minute—with the use time of a typical bag just 12 minutes. Californians alone throw away 14 billion bags a year, creating 123,000 tons of waste and untold amounts of litter.

A cotton bag must be used 131 times before its global warming impact is less than using single-use plastic bags.

There is evidence that bag bans and taxes can cut down on some of this waste: Ireland’s 2002 tax cut bag usage between 75 and 90 percent. An analysis of bag use in Australia found that 72 percent of customers accepted single-use bags that were offered for free. When a nominal fee was charged, usage dropped to 27 percent (33 percent switched to reusable bags and 40 percent made do without).

In fact, Californians faced with municipal bag fees often opt to skip the bag altogether. In an analysis of three major California municipalities with bag bans, 39 percent of customers left the store without a bag (opposed to 17 percent pre-ban).*

Although customers avoiding bags is an obvious environmental win, the same study found that paper bag use increased from 3 to 16 percent. While disposable plastic bags’ manufacture is relatively energy intensive—according to the Australian government, a car could drive 36 feet with the amount of petroleum used to make a single plastic bag—paper bags aren’t any better. In fact, a paper bag (which will still be available for ten cents) must be used three times  before its global warming impact is lower than continuing to use single-use plastic bags, according to a study by the UK Environment Agency.

What about the customers who switch to reusable bags? The California study found that, faced with bag bans, customers increased reusable bag use from 5 to 45 percent. It is unclear which varieties of reusable bags are the most popular, but one common type, the non-woven polypropylene bag (the kind you might buy in the Whole Food checkout line), must be used 11 times before its global warming impact is less than disposable bags. A standard cotton tote requires 131 uses. Although the study does not factor in other benefits of reusable bags, such as reduced litter, it underscores the fact that reusable bags are only beneficial if they’re actually used. Freebie branded totes gathering dust in closets are not worth  the energy they took to produce.

Still, despite the higher production toll, the environmental think tank Earth Policy Institute (EPI), which has studied plastic bag bans, is “definitely in favor of reusable bags,” Director of Research Janet Larsen tells Mother Jones. “Overall, we’re advocating for a movement away from the disposable society and use-and-toss mentality.”One third of Californians already live in municipalities with plastic bag bans, including those in San Francisco and Los Angeles. EPI tracks all known bag restrictions, 133 of which are in the United States:

No one is sure how long a plastic bag takes to decompose, but estimates range from 500 to 1,000 years.  Even then, they never fully biodegrade; they just break down into ever-tinier plastic pellets. Each year, tens of thousands of whales, birds, seals, and turtles die after getting entangled with bags or mistaking them for food. In 2010, a gray whale that was beached and died in Seattle was found to have more than 20 plastic bags in its stomach.

Twice a day, when plastic bags gum up equipment in recycling plants, “you have to turn your equipment off and send mechanics in with box knives to cut them out.”

Improperly recycled bags also cause problems for recycling centers like San Francisco’s Recology. “When people put them in the recycling bin—and they should not do that—they wind up down at the recycling plant and they wrap around a lot of the recycling equipment,” public relations manager Robert Reed tells Mother Jones. About twice a day, “you have to turn your equipment off and send mechanics in with box knives to cut them out.”

Designated plastic bag recycling facilities exist, but the EPA estimates only 12 percent of bags make it there. CalRecycle puts the statewide number even lower at 3 percent. Even when bags are returned to the proper bin, they aren’t truly recycled, but downcycled. “Because plastic bags have a variety of dyes and other additives, it’s hard to know exactly what you’re getting if you melt down a bunch of bags that consumers have used,” explains Larsen. Instead, used bags “generally get turned into something else, such as park benches or flooring material.”

Proposed plastic bag restrictions almost always meet opposition. In 2007, a Safeway lobbyist in Annapolis, Maryland, called a proposed bag tax “un-American.” Padilla’s last attempt, a similar bill introduced last year, was defeated by three votes. This time around, his bill includes a grant program to help bag factories transition from single-use to reusable bags. Even with this provision, many manufacturers like California-based Crown Poly oppose the bill, saying it will force industry layoffs.

The plastic bag industry’s American Progressive Bay Alliance funded attack ads calling the bill a dirty deal between politicians and grocers, who will now be able to charge for bags:

In Hong Kong, a plastics industry-funded study claims that overall plastic bag use increased after the city implemented a bag tax, since consumers who had previously reused grocery bags began purchasing reusable bags and heavy garbage bags. Some Californians have complained that they already reuse plastic bags to clean up after pets and line wastebaskets, although it seems unlikely that the average family finds uses for the 1,500 bags brought home each year.

Another plastics-industry-backed study at the University of Arizona prompted fears after finding E. coli in 12 percent of tested reusable canvas grocery bags—though the lead author of the report told NPR that the bacteria found would not make the average healthy person sick. The report also found that more than 99.9 percent of bag bacteria can be killed by machine or hand washing, something only 3 percent of bag users actually do.

Marine researcher Charles J. Moore writes in a recent New York Times op-ed that plastic pollution in the ocean may be killing more animals than climate change. “Hundreds of species mistake plastics for their natural food,” he writes, not only sickening wildlife but also “adding to the increasing amount of synthetic chemicals unknown before 1950 that we now carry in our bodies.”

In a press release, Nathan Weaver of Environment California says the ban is an ” important step forward” that “shows that we can achieve lasting victories for ocean and environmental health. Nothing we use for a few minutes should pollute our ocean for hundreds of years.”

Top 10 Sacratomatoville Post Stories for 2014

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Relationships, Dating, and the Real Housewives of Atlanta were top stories of 2014.   A disgraced newscaster was the top local story.

Our International Community expanded to over 70 counties with South Africa and Russia nearly making the top 10

top 10 of 2014


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